Perennial flowers are just amazing. Plant them once and they will bloom again and again throughout the year. That is why many gardeners prefer perennial flowers in their garden. Did you know that just like flowers, there are perennial vegetables which have to be grown only once and you can enjoy the harvest all year long?
Firstly, let us know the difference between annuals and perennials. Annual plants grow only for a particular season or a year and die. Perennials, on the other hand, grow for 1-2 years or 5-6 years like shrubs and trees. We are more familiar with annuals as they are easily available in the market.
Many of us like to grow a vegetable garden but are not aware of the perennial vegetables. And that is the reason we have to start the vegetable garden from scratch every year. So, I am going to walk you through a variety of perennial vegetables that you must grow.
10 Perennial Vegetables To Grow Once and Enjoy The Harvest For Years
When it comes to perennial vegetables, what first comes to our mind is asparagus. it is one of the most known vegetables among the gardeners. But it is also tricky to grow. You have to wait for atleast 2 years to harvest the crop, but thereafter you can enjoy the produce for 15-20 years. Asparagus grows during the springtime and return year after year.
This reddish-green celery-like looking vegetable is generally used in pies, jam, and dessert. Rhubarb leaves are poisonous, so be really careful. We only use the stem part which is rich in flavor. Like asparagus, it also needs atleast 3 years to be fully ready for the first harvest. Rhubarb needs well-drained soil and full sunlight.
Watercress is another perennial vegetable which is popularly used in salads and sandwich. It also has a number of health benefits like it gives you more calcium than that of milk and it also has high amounts of Vitamin C, manganese, and phosphorous. You can easily plat watercress at home and enjoy its peppery flavor.
4. Good King Henry
Good King Henry is a little difficult to grow but it’s definitely worth it. It requires sunny location, moist and fertile soil to grow. It has a green stem and green triangular leaves. You’ll have to wait for 3 years to harvest the shoots, but you can enjoy the leaves and flowers of good king henry in the first two years.
Horseradish is a perennial root vegetable which is used to give spicy flavor to sandwich and other meals. It also has many medicinal uses. Horseradish can be used to cure painful joints, congested sinuses, urinary tract infections, and many more health problems. It grows well in the soil which is well watered and rich in organic matter.
Artichokes are green color round balls which taste amazing. These flower buds can be used in a variety of recipes. They also add an architectural element to vegetable landscaping. It required light, fertile, well-drained soil to grow. These big and beautiful flower buds are of a giant thistle plant.
7. Sea Kale
Sea Kale is another great perennial vegetable. It looks and tastes so much like kale. You can eat its tender shoots, blooms or large leaves. The roots of the sea kale are also edible, but if you want to continue its harvest, you might want to leave them in. The older leaves of this vegetable taste bitter and so you must harvest it at the right time. Sea kale is packed with Vitamin C and the sailors used to carry it during the sea voyages to prevent scurvy.
8. Tree Collard
If you are looking for something sweeter than the normal kale or collard greens you must grow the tree collard. They give out the purple-green leaves. The right time to harvest the leaves is when they are 60% green and 40% purple.
This plant can grow 8-10 feet tall. It is important to prune tree collard from time to time. This perennial vegetable can be harvest to 5 or more years and has a good amount of calcium in it but over time the calcium in it reduces and so it is advised to rotate the plant every 3 years.
9. Jerusalem Artichokes
Jerusalem Artichokes are also known as sunchokes and they belong to the sunflower family. They look like potatoes and has a nutty flavor similar to artichokes. They grow well in full sun and fertile soil. The tubers are large and delicious and they spread aggressively. So, it is important to dig up the roots each year to stop it from spreading. Also, too much of the Jerusalem artichokes are not good for health.
Chives are the perennial herbs that belong to the onion family. It produces beautiful purple flowers which can spread the plant throughout the garden. They prefer full sun and well-drained, rich fertile soil. Chives are used as sprinklers in some of the recipes. They are easy to grow and can be harvested 3-4 times a year.
Related Article: How to Start a Vegetable Garden from Scratch
Well, you see there are both pros and cons of planting perennial vegetables. Some of these vegetable plants take 3 years to produce the harvest, therefore, you must avoid such plants if you are planning to move. But once they are ready, they provide harvests year after year and they are easy to care.
So, I hope you have made a choice. Let me know in the comment section, which perennial vegetables are you going to try first?